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After the First World War, the start of the activities of the Consulate General in Jerusalem marks Italy’s commitment in the region, in the framework of the British Mandate, as the ideal continuation of the historic Italian presence in the Holy Land. Also in this perspective, Italy maintains, still today, its historical role in guarding the Christian holy places, together with the other “Latin Consulates” (France, Spain and Belgium).

As of 1948, after the establishment of the State of Israel and the first Arab-Israeli War, the Consulate General – for Italy as well as for the other eight countries already having a Consulate in the city (Belgium, Spain, United States, France, Greece, United Kingdom, Sweden and Turkey) – remains in Jerusalem, then divided between the Israelis and the Jordanians, also in expression of the “corpus separatum” principle. Such definition refers to the long-established approach the International Community defined within the United Nations since 1947, under which Jerusalem isn’t subject to the sovereignty of any of the Parties to the conflict, until its status is mutually agreed on, in the framework of the peace negotiations.

Furthermore, following the 1990s Oslo Accords, by convention, Consulates General in Jerusalem assumed the duty as de facto representatives to the Palestinian Authority. In this capacity, the Consulate General in Jerusalem has been promoting the Italian presence in the Palestinian Territories and collaborating with the representative bodies of the Palestinian people.