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100 Years of Carabinieri in Jerusalem

Date:

01/17/2018


100 Years of Carabinieri in Jerusalem

From the first solemn entry into the Holy City, on December 11th, 1917, to the present day

On 2 May 2018 the Carabinieri at the MIADIT training mission, based in Jericho, started the training course for women belonging to the Palestinian security forces.

The initiative was inaugurated by the Consul General of Italy in Jerusalem, Fabio Sokolowicz, together with representatives of the Carabinieri at the Miadit mission and representatives of the Palestinian Authority Security Forces. Born from an idea of ​​the Italian Consulate, the training of women of the Palestinian security forces by the Carabinieri arises in continuity with the action of the Italian development cooperation on gender issues (http://www.lastampa.it/2018/05/05/esteri/le-palestinesi-abbiamo-vinto-i-pregiudizi-WnSZTJUX7uwTlCzxR9iVRI/pagina.html).

This is the last piece of a long term commitment that saw our Carabinieri protagonists in the Holy Land in the last 100 years, that is, since May 6, 1917, when 150 Royal Carabinieri embarked from the port of Naples for Palestine, at that time under the Ottoman Empire.

Led by Cap. Angelo Scalfi, they crossed part of Africa, they reached Gaza from where, by foot, they embarked on the last part of the journey to Jerusalem.

The Carabinieri entered in the Holy City on 11 December 1917 and took up residence in the Casa Nova, a refuge for pilgrims still existing today and belonging to the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land.

Being part of an Italian expeditionary force following the British contingent arrived in the Holy Land to oppose the Ottoman army, the Carabinieri of the Jerusalem Detachment carried out the normal police activity in the city and the vigilance at the sensitive objectives and at the Holy Sepulcher.

These Italian soldiers were appreciated also for the special relationships they established with the local religious authorities, starting with the Latin Patriarchate.

When, at the end of the First World War, the international treaties handed the mandate over Palestine to the United Kingdom, all foreign soldiers were repatriated, including the Italian ones, who left the Holy Land to return many years later.

They came back in the mid-2000s, with the deployment of some Armed Forces in the EUBAM Rafah mission, aimed at restoring transit between the Gaza Strip and Egypt.

One hundred years after the first arrival in the Holy Land, the presence of Italian Carabinieri police continues today, with two missions: the TIPH (Temporary International Presence in Hebron) and the MIADIT Palestine (Italian Training Mission) in Jericho.

The TIPH is an international mission, established in 1994, in which the Carabinieri are engaged as observers in a particularly difficult context like Hebron.

There are five countries which, with their staff, give substance to the mission: Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey.

The MIADIT Palestine is a training mission, now in its seventh cycle, at which a team of about 30 Carabinieri take part as instructors specialized in different professional branches, from public order to the judicial police, from the protection of cultural heritage to scientific investigations.

It is the result of a bilateral agreement between the Italian Ministry of Defense and the Palestinian Ministry of the Interior, signed in 2014 and renewed on November 9th 2017 for another three years, that is engaging the Carabinieri in new training cycles of the Palestinian police force .

The participants with better scores will have the opportunity to take part in further training courses at the CoESPU (Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units) in Vicenza, in order to become themselves instructors of Palestinian security forces.

On November 9, 2017 in Rome, a bilateral memorandum on the fight against illicit trafficking of works of art was signed and it will engage the Carabinieri on the front line.

In the last one hundred years the Palestinian reality has undergone numerous changes according to which the Carabinieri have modulated the reason of their presence on the territory.

If during the First World War it was necessary to guard the places at risk, today the priority is the capacity building.

“TGcom24, 29 ottobre 2017.
the Consul General on the training of Palestinian security forces by carabinieri”.

 

Jericho, 3 december 2017. The Commander General of Carabinieri, Lieutenant General Tullio Del Sette, visits the Headquarter of the MIADIT (Italian Training Mission "Palestina 7") and meets with the Carabinieri of the MIADIT and TIPH missions.


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